Ubhaya Bharati or Sarasvati Devi.

 About 1,200 years ago, there was a scholarly couple in Mithila in Bihar. Mandana Mishra and his wife Ubhaya Bharati. They were highly educated and followed the Vedic way of …Mandana Misra and Ubhaya Bharati were an example of a classic couple who equaled in scholarly excellence.
Both of them had risen to the same heights in all spheres of knowledge, learning, honorable character and meticulous assimilation of Vedic commandments. Ubhaya Bharati was as an avatar of the goddess of learning, Sarasvati Devi, and Mandana Misra an incarnation of Brahma. Vishwaroopa’s scholarly aptitude made people revere him and bestowed him with the title of ‘Mandana Misra’. His real name was Vishwaroopa.
 Mandana Misra was an acclaimed and dignified expert of the Mimamsa philosophy. The Mimamsa philosophy is mainly derived from the karma kanda part of the Vedas and emphasizes the rituals. In this school of thought, a particular ritual gives the results instantaneously. It displays a genuine candid cause and effect relationship if practiced devotedly.
Adi Shankara or Sri Bhagavatpada reached Kashmir to meet the scholar Kumarila Bhat.
At that time Kumarila Bhat was on death-bed and guided Shankara to meet Vishwaroopa’ or Mandana Mishra.
Kumarila Bhat said, “You will know his house when you find there caged parrots discussing such abstract concepts such as is the Veda self-validated, is the world a reality or a perception, is it karma or God that brings about results!”
Sri Bhagavatpada curious to meet Mandana Misra reached near the gate of his house and found it bolted and locked from inside.
As a Sanyasin, Sri Bhagavatpada had no ethical stand up of admission into a closed house as per the rules of Smriti, which regulate the daily conduct of traditional Sanyasin. Sri Bhagavatpada thought for a while. He had resolutely decided to liberate Mandana Misra from rigid stubborn ritualism. Thus, with the tool of his phenomenal rare Yogic powers this Great Siddha Purusha yogi, Sri Bhagavatpada made his way inside the house through the closed door.
With an inherent aversion for Sanyasis Mandana believed that only those people who were lazy enough to follow the discipline of Vedic injunctions entered the sanyasi ashram. 
When Sri Bhagavatpada (a synsansi )made his way in the house, Vishwaroopa or Mandana Misra was in a shraddha ceremony and the invited Brahmins were about to partake food. The entry of a synsasin at that time created a disturbance enraging Mandana Misra.

Shankara entered Mandana’s mansion and found him washing the holy feet of Sages Vyasa and Jaimini, whom Mandana was able to bring there on account of his sacrament, for the conduct of a Shraddha ceremony performed by him as per the Shastras. Mandana, who hated Sanyasins, entered into an aggressive argumentation with Shankara. The sages calmed Mandana and commanded him to welcome Sri Shankara’s challenge willingly. 
The situation turned ugly and the invited Brahmins tried to set right the situation going out of control.  They advised Mandana Misra to invite Sri Bhagavatpada for Biksha as a bhokta sitting on Vishnu Sthana in the Shraddha ceremony.
Mandana Misra, a Staunch Ritualist was fully bent upon preserving the ritual. Thus, he invited Sri Bhagavatpada for biksha. But Sri Bhagavatpada (Adi Shankara)refused to accept the invitation. He told Mandana Misra that he had entered his house for a Veda bhiksha, a polemic discussion in philosophy. Mandana Misra, who for the first time in his life found him as his match in learning ready for a dialectical battle. He gladly accepted it. After the completion of the Shraddha ceremony, the debate was held the day after.
Mandana Misra was an authority on ritualistic practices. On his countrywide religious tour, the young Adi Shankara in his early twenties, the follower of an Advaita Vedanta philosophy, was keen to debate with old and experienced Mandana Misra. But Mandana Misra, who had already spent half of his life in learning and preaching Mimamsa reasoned that it was not fair to debate with a young Sanyasi with least experienced
 Adi Shankara, Misra permitted Shankara to nominate his own judge. Shankara who had already heard about Misra’s great righteousness accredited and applauded him for his act of fair-mindedness.Shankara was quick to decide that Mandana Misra’s
wife herself will prove the most suitable judge for this debate and agreed to a wager. The  bet of the debate was as follows;
If Shankara looses in the debate, He would turn as a disciple of Mandana Misra also get married and If Mandana Misra loses, he would renounce his family life and become a Sanyasi and a disciple of Shankara. The debate between these two scholars continued for months together. Every day, thousands of scholars came to watch and learn from their discussions. The old Mandana Misra, still continued to a man with very scholarly intellect and a perfect grasp of logic, though he was slowly failing before a young Shankara. Shankara’s deep knowledge of Maya and realization of the ultimate Brahman qualified him to emerge victorious over Misra’s rationale with ease.
Although Misra was a very ace and adept follower of rituals, yet he failed to understand the higher spiritual reality which Shankara appeared to have consummated already.
Thousands of scholars came from distant places to listen to their arguments and counter arguments.Ubhaya Bharati keenly took note of the discussions and arguments between the two. Finally,after a protracted debate for a long period, Ubhaya Bharati gave impartial judgment pronouncing Shankara the winner
 Mandana Misra decided to accept his defeat, but his scholar wife, Ubhaya Bharati, contended that to defeat a man in the debate the rival should also defeat his wife. It is all about the ethical values of Udhaya Bharati, Mandana Mishra’s wife. Ubhaya Bharati, the wife of Mandana Mishra, was also an acknowledged scholar of Vedas, Ritham, Sathyam, Mahattattwam, rituals etc.
Mandana even at this ripe age had some inquest about the aphorism of Jaimini and their connection to the Absolute Truth as contended by Sri Shankara.
As Sri Shankara illuminated  Mandana’s curiosity, he had no option but to accept his defeat and said, ‘You are the nature of pure consciousness, yet for the sake of ignorant men you have assumed this human body. You have all saved with the single statement – Tat tvam asi, and elucidated the spirit of great soul explained in the Upanishads, the crest-jewel of the Vedas, as indestructible and one without a second.’
But Ubhaya Bharati said to Shankara. “You claim to have full knowledge of the world. But how can you? You are not married. You have no knowledge of kama-shastra.” 
In simple words, she pointed towards the cognition of sex and other sensory pleasures like performing arts, fashion, food, fine arts etc. Shankara had to acknowledge his noesis of the earthly life was not perfect.
Shankara entered the physical body of a dying ruler of kashmir,Amaru and experienced all the aspects of kama sastra through Amaru’s body.He wrote his experiences as a householder in sensualist poems ,known as Amaru-shataka, which also function as a figure of speech for spiritual sensibility.
Shankara bowed to Ubhaya Bharati the moment he returned from Amaru’s body
and worshipped her as the Goddess of Knowledge, Saraswati.
Mandana Mishra ,also, bowed to Shankara and described him as the mythical hermit, Shiv shankra, who had decapitated Brahma, Father-God of rituals. 
That was the day when Mimansa got divided into two schools: the old ritual school of Purva Mimansa and the new intellectual school of Uttar Mimansa. This later school evolved into what is today called Vedanta, the acme of Vedic thought.

Hermit Shiva, who had beheaded Brahma, father of rituals. From that day onwards, Mimansa was divided into two schools: the old ritual school of Purva Mimansa and the new intellectual school of Uttar Mimansa. This advanced school evolved into what is today called Vedanta, the pinnacle of Vedic thought.

References
1. Bhat Bana, Harshacharita ,Ed. P.K. Kane Tr. F.W Thomas Delhi, 1961.
2. Bilhana, Vikramankadevacarita Ed. G.Buhlar Bombay, 1975.
3. Damodaragupta, Kuttanimatakavya, Ed. M.Kaul,R.A. S. B, Calcutta, 1944.
4. Altekar, A.S. Position of Women in Hindu Civilization, Banaras, 1956.
5.Bamzai, P.N.K., Culture and Political History of Kashmir, Vol. I, M.D. Publications Pvt. Ltd., New Delhi,1994
6. Bazaz, P.N., Daughters of Vitasta,Gulshan Publications, Srinagar, 2003

 

 

When marriage gives you emotional emptiness?

What can you expect from a marriage imgresThe answer: more heart aching and discouraging! Your marriage name is one of the first things you are known by. And it’s a great way to make your inroads in a new household.You do look for ideas on how to adjust in your new home? There emerge many ideas along with pros and cons to consider for each step, but when your new household team like to brainstorm together excluding you as an outsider—it creates first impression of suppression for you.
You may take a look at the situation and feel compelled to use or modify your attitude, which ultimately is the first warning signal for your unhappy married life.
After all your difficulties in the new environment and the striking questions which still mess up your life, you believe that you still have in yourself some possibilities that you have the capability to reveal your woes publicly.
As a sensitive person, you feel pleased to give Happiness to one and all. You like to see the brightness of life around yourself.And it is not always like this and all your efforts to generate joy is a waste in domain.
And you did not or could not get the happy life that you really deserved. Still, with all possibilities that you’ve got to yourself, the happiness has flown so often, so close to yourself but you didn’t take or didn’t know how to grab it. Some odd negative forces have wired up you.
You feel that often some mental blocks block or have blocked you to receive the blessings and joy of the life which passed to you,but did not reach you.
You try to confirm to yourself that every new day is a New chance for You and You want to share your ideas with the new team headed by your husband.
Because you have got the conviction it will be for you the start of a long joyful span of life and feel contended to share it.
But the things soon deteriorate beyond your perception for no fault of yours.
And you find yourself at a very important cross of life and hesitate to make very quick decisions that will engage the journey of your married life.
And, you always miss these Chances which could have been yours. You really want to have efficacious protection which could remove these bad waves or influences surrounding you and destroyed each time your abilities to happiness and success. you lack courage to do something for your sake at that moment.
But, the life started taking from you, the most beautiful face which advertise this unique event of marriage from you. All of this for you and many others. After all your difficulties in the new environment and the striking questions which still mess up your life, you believe that you still have in yourself some possibilities that you have the capability to reveal your woes publicly.
And you did not or could not get the happy life that you really deserved. Still, with all possibilities that you’ve got to yourself, the happiness has flown so often, so close to yourself but you didn’t take or didn’t know how to grab it. Some odd negative forces have wired up you.
You feel that often some mental blocks block or have blocked you to receive the blessings and joy of the life which passed on to you,but did not reach you.
You try to confirm to yourself that every new day is a New chance for You and You want to share your ideas with the new team headed by your husband.
Because you have got the conviction it will be for you the start of a long joyful span of life and feel contended to share it.
But the things soon deteriorate beyond your perception for no fault of yours. And you find yourself at a very important cross of life and hesitate to make very quick decisions that will engage the journey of your married life.
Unfortunately, you always miss these Chances which could have been yours. You really want to have efficacious protection which could remove these bad waves influences surrounding you and destroyed each time your abilities to happiness and success. you lack courage to do something for your sake at that moment.
But, the life started taking from you, the most beautiful face which framed dreams of marriage for you. All of this for you and many other bitter things could have been avoided if you had taken the sane decision soon.
You know, since a few time, you try to do all your best to get out of the situation, you try to look out for the positives ideas as you really wish to improve your situation.
But for taking a decision efficiently, it is essential to set together a future scene.

VALUE OF CORPORATE WELLNESS PROGRAM IN BALANCE SHEET.

CORPORATE WELLNESS —A NEW ASSET WITH THE COMPANIES

We all know that a company has both assets and liabilities. The time has come to include corporate wellness as one of the newly coined assets in the corporate balance sheet. 

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1. Corporate Wellness Program- A Transaction of Pecuniary Value

The corporate Wellness program is a transaction of pecuniary value intended to lower health care costs for employees and to boost morale of employees in their workplace. Such programs are intended to take care of the health of both companies and the employees. The Companies want to drive maximum out of their employees by helping them to be happy and gain job-satisfaction.

It is closely woven with the lifestyle and job style of employees. Such programs are designed to relieve workers of job stress, mind stress, diet stress, family stress and mind stress.

Corporate wellness is the brain child of many forward thinking corporations who intended to make the work place a more enticing and comforting environment for their employees as well.

2. Tips to design workable corporate wellness program

A company needs to design an appealing corporate wellness program .The design parameters need to take

1. Moods of the employees into consideration.

2. Develop an efficient and scientific communication strategy. Better make communications personally relevant to the employees.

3. Update routinely the knowledge-based program.

4. Add new and innovative components regularly.

5. Offer sponsored team events to turn corporate wellness program into fun.

6. Encourage employee’s participation in adding new modules to the program.

7. Maintain performance appraisals and Offer incentives for completing goals.

8. Offer financial incentives like an additional increment or bonus points to motivate people to participate in these programs.  Try to make them personal and unique.

Lastly, Offer support by readily making available resources, tools, coaches, fitness challenges, social media portals and encouragements by way of gifts or prizes.

3. Ease your workplace tension .scientifically

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It has been acknowledged that workplace tension is major and needs a systematic stress reliever. Adopt those stress relieving techniques which can be done while sitting on your table in your office or elsewhere.

Stress is not uncommon or atypical. It is our ever-companion and needs positive management. Human beings react to stress both in a positive and negative direction.  Your heart bounces and your breathing become wilder in anticipation of muscular activity.

Stress is the sense your body encounters as it adapts to ever-changing situations. Remember positive stimulus can fill you with enthusiasm and push you into action or make you feel delighted. 

A negative stress can mar your job, career, health or family life. You need to choose a scientific and proven stress reliever to get rid of stress.

4. Recharge your mind and body

Stress discharges your body and mind; but stress reliever recharges your body and mind. You need to choose natural stress relieving techniques free from additives.

Stress Reliever Tips.

1. Try to sit quietly in your chair

2. Close your eyes and concentrate on your body

3. Listen to the sounds of your body and mind

4. Never get discouraged by distractions.

5. Meditate for 5 minutes only.

6. Breathe silently without making any sound.

.This 5 minute trick will work wonders for relaxing you. It is scientific and supported by researchers.

With 5 minutes stress reliever you can control depression, anxiety, heart problem, blood pressure and other mental disorders.

5. Drain stress by healthy diet.

Develop an appealing but healthy diet plan as stress reliever

1. Maintain a history sheet of all employees.

2. Analyse their mental setup.

3. List their physical ailments.

4. Record their learning aptitude.

5. Add health to their diet.

6. Know their taste and liking.

7.Provide timely but hygienic meals..

Healthy diet and timely exercise play a vital role as a stress reliever at workplace.

These factors are closely linked with the stress and tension parameters of workers at work site. Once these are identified the stress management becomes easy and manageable

6. Get Rid of Workplace tension with Massage

Stress is everywhere and your body muscles are no exception

Massage and water therapies are great stress relievers.

1. Make a habit of drinking eight to ten glasses of water daily to keep you hydrated. It will shed off harmful bacteria and toxins from the body. Drinking plenty of water tends to remove extra sugar.

2. A regular table or chair Massage at your workplace is a stress reliever trick. It is easy and relieves muscle tension instantly.

3. Do self-massage with the essential tools available under wellness program.
Add Ayurveda Massage to its corporate wellness program.

 An Ayurveda Massage therapies works as magical stress relievers.

7. Wash your stress with Yoga.

The yogic exercises are complete stress relievers.

The studies have revealed that the returns on wellness programs have made employees healthy, happy and motivated. The yogic exercises have found preference in the corporate world as an all-inclusive wellness choice, swapping all other health care deals.

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A Corporate Yoga Program is one of the most preferred stress relievers in a wellness program.

1. Develop interest in employees to join Yoga classes online.

2. Select a trained yoga instructor

3. Provide online yoga Classes

4. Keep track of employees attending those sessions.

Bear in mind that the corporate Yoga program should be planned to boost well-being for workers’ health, throughput and working.

8. Corporate Wellness certification programs for all.

The health of the employees has gained pivotal figure in the company.

The ever-increasing health insurance premium and the health of workers are becoming very critical to the productivity of any company.

The Corporate Wellness certification programs are now online. These courses offer the tools necessary to carry out successful Corporate Wellness program. They have been designed to enhance productivity by ensuring employees health.

This CWWS certification is available to all who are either interested or employed for implementing worksite wellness programs and other people interested in training and getting certification in Worksite wellness programs. The online sites provide ample material for the purpose .They say simply you have to click here for getting more details on the certification program.

9. Certification programs increase participation.

With the mushrooming of CWWS Certifications the employer must encourage employees to join these programs. Better course is to send individual e-mails to all employees telling them to click here for more details on corporate wellness program.

Let the coaches encourage them to click here approach either to contact an expert or to read the details.

Recently, hundreds of companies in partnership with YMCA have stated offering certifications on wellness at worksite programs. The employer needs to encourage employees to join these courses for improving health and wellness of employees.

Employers have recognised the fact that the key to productivity lies in the wellness of employees.

10. Workers are the fuel of corporate world.

The surveys and researchers have shown that corporate wellness programs reduce costs and improve health of employees.

And advocates of the program say that in addition to saving money of the companies the programs are efficient tools to help employee’s live improved lives. These programs have in many cases saved the lives of employees from dangerous diseases.

The corporate world is fully conscious of the fact that healthier employees will entail reduced healthcare expenses. Moreover, it has the benefit of increasing productivity and efficiency.

The motto of corporate wellness management is improving health of workers and gets increased productivity.

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11. Health of workers is wealth of company

Mental stress and health issues are closely linked but to improve health employees need to divulge facts about their health. Usually, employees are secretive about their health issues. The wellness program must include a primary module of complete medical examination of each and every employee once in three months. This will help early detection of any ailment and reduced treatment costs.

Then main issues of wellness program are instruction, awareness and behavioural adjustment. It is better to focus on the issue “how to improve the health of workers at worksite”

Offer financial assistance or other help to relieve workers of mental stress. This will ensure better health and wealth of the company.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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In olden days the breasts and their shape signified the beauty of women. The upper-class women as usual conscious of their beauty and shape did not like to breastfeed their babies. The option left was to give newly born babies to some other ladies for breastfeeding for money. The practice of Breast feeding in lieu of remuneration is wet nursing.
Employing wet nurses was a customary practice in the ancient societies like Mesopotamia, Egypt, Europe (medieval and renaissance) America and Europe including some parts of Asia or other under developed countries.
In the 16th and 17th century the breasts and their shape signified the beauty of women.
During the Renaissance period, the nude paintings of ladies adored the walls of Art Museums in Europe. Breasts and beauty became the focal point of painters and poets. Even, ladies adored the sexual secret of their breasts.
Most of the affluent class women of Europe employed wet nurses for their children. They did this as a status symbol. The controlling husbands did not like breast feeding of kids by their mothers as it affected their sex life.
Just like modern women, ladies of that period also held that breastfeeding defaced their beautiful breasts. The affluent class women were submissive to the romanticized superlative of keeping sexy breasts and chose not to breast-feed their babies.
The other reason was the high mortality rate among children. The wealthy families were happy to have as many children as they could to ensure a legal heir.
Third reason was that in that period breastfeeding was the only way for birth control and early pregnancies.
New babies were usually sent out with the wet nurses for eighteen to twenty-four months. They were responsible for breast-feeding many other kids including her own.
A few of wet-nurses were not paid but most of them earned more than their husbands. Few rich families could afford to keep a wet nurse in their homes.
It was the period of Renaissance that witnessed the movement of words accusing wet nursing on medical and moral grounds. They started advocating through written material that wet nursing was a dangerous replacement for the biological mother.
The Elizabethan era saw most British babies being breastfed by their birth mothers, although some wealthy women still adopted wet nursing method.
But the 17th century brought much awakening on the issue and some women started campaign against breastfeeding by wet nurses. They started encouraging all biological mothers to breastfeed their own borne on the religious grounds. They pleaded that biblical mothers breastfed their children.
Again, they pleaded that babies would take on the physiognomies of the lower-class lady who nursed them.
The advocates of maternal nursing among others were Dutch medical, religious and moral agencies.
A wicked mother who declined to nurse her own biological child was a disgrace in the eyes of the Lord and the Breastfeeding was the trait of a virtuous mother dear to God.
In the 1800′s the number of babies who were being breast-fed and nursed by their biological mothers skyrocketed due to an outcry against high infant mortality rates. The trend of sending babies in the lap of wet-nurses began to decline.
They earned the name of Baby Farmers. In most of the cases biological fathers were made to ensure their wives nursed and breast-fed their babies.
The wet nursing was not as popular in America as it was in Europe, but it certainly existed. Newly arriving immigrants or black slaves were engaged for this job.
By the eighteenth century the practice of sending out babies away to be wet-nursed had gone high. The main reason was that the economic conditions compelled even the urban working class to keep their babies with country side peasant families for up to four years.
With the passage of laws regulating the sale and purchase of cow milk, wet nursing practice disappeared by 1920 s in the U.S.
The practice was so common that cities like Lyon and Paris factually had no babies. During the second half of the eighteenth century, there was a universal demand for the service.
But the great infant mortality made wet-nursing organized venture.
The authorities moved in to form a single Municipal Bureau of Wet Nurses, which pledged a minimum living wage to wet nursing women. This Institution survived the French Revolution.
The Roussel Law of 1874 made the regulation of wet-nursed infants a national, rather than a municipal duty.
A decline in working mothers after World War I came in the wake of the passage of a law granting fifteen francs as an incentive per month to working women if they nursed their babies for twelve months.
The practice of wet-nursing was not as common in other western European countries as it was in France, but it was indeed a major cultural practice. In England, it was usual for upper-class women to employ wet nurses whereas working-class mothers breast-fed their own babies.
Parish records exhibit that upper-class women usually gave birth annually whereas working-class women gave birth at longer intervals, about every three years gap.
In Germany infant feeding customs did differ in different regions. In some areas almost all infants were breast fed by their biological mothers, whereas in other areas the custom was deep-rooted.
In the late nineteenth century, German government started an infant welfare movement advocating the benefits of breastfeeding the risks of wet-nursing babies. By 1937 the regional variances in infant feeding had vanished and breast-feeding was common.
Wet-nursing possibly caused more ill health and death among mothers and babies. And the practice gradually vanished.